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HHO Car Fuel Cell
Alternative Fuels - Green Energy - Solar and Wind Power

HHO Dry Cell Theory
How To Make your HHO Cell a Dry Cell


What is a HHO Dry Cell?

"Dry Cell" is a term being used for HHO Generators that have sealed water compartments between each set of electrodes (plates); similar to a wet cell battery. Each water compartment is sealed so that water can not leak from compartment to compartment (cell to cell). The bottom edges of the plates are sealed off in a manner that keeps the water from touching them. So are the side edges, and in most cases the top edges. Construction design varies but the objective is the same. If the chamber does not keep the edges of the plates dry, it is not a dry cell.

What does a Dry Cell actually accomplish?

We have one goal - get as much electrical current (electron flow) efficiently through the cell with as little heat as possible. Let's talk about electrical current. Current is the movement of electrons through the cell. It is measured in amperes (amps for short). The electrons take the path of least resistance. They flow from the battery negative - along and around the surface of the wire - to the cells negative plate. They are being drawn and pushed towards the positive plate - by the electrical pressure of the battery voltage. Water is in between the plates. The water is actually blocking the electron flow because it is very high in resistance. It is not a good conductor of electricity; in fact, pure water is an insulator. We need the electrons to cross the water. To accomplish this, we must do one of two things. Increase the electrical pressure or lower the amount of resistance of the water. We are using an automotive battery as our voltage source, so we must lower the water resistance. We do this by adding conductive Ions to the water (electrolytes). The electrolytes make it easier for the electrons to travel across the water to the positive plate. The amount of electrolyte we use controls the amount of electron flow.

Ok, now let's introduce another plate between the positive and negative plates. We will call it a neutral plate because it does not have any power wires attached. One would think it would block the electrons, but it does not. Instead, it helps the electron flow because the metal plate is a much better conductor than the water. A neutral plate, even though it does not have an electrical wire connected to it, has a more positive side and a more negative side. Remember, electrons are attracted towards positive. That means the neutral plate has to be more positive than the negative plate in order for electrons to cross the water. I hope this is making sense to you. Now that the electrons are getting to the neutral plates' surface, they do not travel through the metal, they travel around the surface, from one side to the other (across the flat surface, around the side edges, and onto the flat surface on the opposite side). It is very important for you to understand - they are being attracted. They get concentrated along the side edge surfaces as they travel the path of least resistance; which should be the metal surface; at least, that is our goal - to keep the electrons distributed equally on the surface of the plates until the surface is saturated with them. As the surface gets saturated, they begin to pile up, looking for a place to cross the water (they are being attracted). They will cross at the narrowest point; so our goal is to make sure there are no narrowest points. That is the main concept for achieving efficiency; distributing electron flow equally across the entire plate surface because it is on that surface that the electrons disassociate Hydrogen and Oxygen from the water.


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